Self-sustained development by organic food processing in Uttarakhand
The holy land of Uttarakhand has been the mother of valuable vegetation since inception of Himalayas, but has been particularly neglected due to difficult access, very low habitation and lack of infrastructure facilities. Uttarakhand is also known for growing very honest grower of organic grains, fruits and spices.
In last few years the Uttarakhand Government has now paid attention to the village level grown crops and established Uttarakhand Organic Commodity Board (UOCB) in 2003. This UOCB works as Nodal agency between farmers and buyers. In last few years UOCB has widely trained the farmers to grow appropriate organic food by correct soil testing, treating and certifying the organic product for ultimate buyers. The state has also established Uttarakhand State Organic Certification Agency (USOCA) to provide quality control through certification locally thereby bringing down the certification costs. UOCB has also channelized the marketing of products through its kiosks in big cities thus built a trust between growers and buyers. Therefore, there is no scarcity of pure organic food in Uttarakhand and if food processing sector is also developed within Uttarakhand, it will be a boon to people of Uttarakhand.
To be specific on development of food-processing sector, we will concentrate on the various possibilities in this area, which can also boost the employment, education, living standards and health, if economic condition of the people is improved. For this, we have done a Model Study at Uttarakhand Village and block level structure in respect of food produced which can be processed in to be established food-processing industries.
Assumption: This model is designed keeping in view of hill areas in Uttarakhand having water resources and have cultivated farm land.
Target Group: To make group of villages as cost centres generating income through establishment of Cooperative Society.
Main Objects of Model Study
- Infrastructure development of rural area
- To generate employment in rural area
- To make rural people financially strong.
- The farmer will be the seller of his farm products
- To educate rural people and uplift their living standards
- To educate and make rural children socially responsible
- To create green and clean areas as a contribution to nature and environment
- To transform villages as feasible and viable rural cities so that population movement should be from urban cities to rural cities.
- To save central & state Government’s development costs.
- To take giant stride in development of rural sector in short span of time.
- There is concept of establishment of food-park with the help of Ministry of food processing. This food park has all related facilities like, transportation, storage, fire-fighting, local markets proximity.
Current Situation of rural sector in Uttarakhand
- The farming land is shrinking and people leaving farming as they are not earning much from agriculture.
- The population living in villages either doing labour work in nearest cities or dependent on their children working in big cities or opened some basic shops to run their livelihood.
- The people of villages have now become downtrodden crowd for urban people.
- There is substantial growth in rural population movement towards urban cities due to lack of employment and urban type facilities and entertainment in villages.
- As the rural growth rate is very much low, rural people feel insecure in villages.
- The current state of employment in rural area is only agricultural labour, but due to low productivity in agriculture, rural people even don’t hire labour.
Organising and infrastructure development in rural areas
- Construction of roads and low cost housing, toilets and schools.
- Kissan centre, vocational training, digital help centre and video conferencing centre.
- Construction of low cost hydro-electric projects with grant from Min. of New & Renewable energy.
- Advanced irrigation of farming land by solar irrigation pumps with grant from Min. of New & Renewable energy.
- Build 5-10 bed hospitals, vocational schools and storage for agriculture products.
- Mini to small level no-pollution processing plants for ayurvedic medicines, mineral water.
- Dairy farming, vermiculture and compost processing from house waste.
- Sewage disposal and Gobar gas plants on social sharing basis.
- Tourist lodges and tourism development centres.
- Rehabilitation centres for sick people living in other parts of the world to fast recover from their disease.
- Install food processing units with grant form Min. of Food processing.
- Install bio-paper processing unit and waste disposal bags manufacturing unit.
- Install solar panels for domestic lighting, charging of mobiles, running of computers and servers.
- Buying advanced agricultural tools like mini tractors, mini loaders, harvesters etc.
- Hydrant system for fire-fighting for schools, training centre, hospitals, tourist lodges.
- Testing labs for food quality, milk and milk products quality, paper and waste bags quality checks.
Modus Operandi for re-organising of Cooperatives in Uttarakhand
- The proposed project will require the establishment of Cooperative Societies.
- This Cooperative Society will cover the area of 10-20 kms and each village in this 10-20 kms area will be covered under this society. This society will have members from all covered villages who have farming land. The farmers will get the benefit according to their share of land from total production in each crop cycle.
- Villagers who have not farming land will also be part of society and will be directly hired on priority basis in several processing units under this Coop. The farmers having land can also be hired but on secondary basis, if on the same level of non-land villagers/farmers.
- Highly educated people who belong to these villages can also join on higher position for the welfare of their village/area.
- Young people will be trained vocationally and later to be employed in the processing units, farming land.
Glimpse of Viability & Feasibility of Cooperatives
Glimpse of SWOT Analysis of Cooperatives
Other key- factors affecting establishment of cooperatives
What is social-Grid?
The term used here “social grid” and not used anywhere prior to here, belongs to participation in generation and consumption of electricity by Coop societies that will be established after successful implementation of first Coop Society.
This will work as follows:
- The Hydro-electric power plants will generate electricity under the flagship of Coop Society. The society and villages will use optimum electricity by also utilising the solar energy.
- The extra electricity will be feeded to Govt existing grid and in return the Govt will give the credit to the society.
- These credits can be traded between the societies, for example: A society in Uttarakhand is generating electricity and other society in Bundelkhand need electricity but have ample storage of wheat, cattle feed etc. So this society can send the products to Uttarakhand society and in turn take electricity in equivalent value from the Govt in its area.
- This concept can be more improved later after actual generation and consumption.